Reproductive organ (flower)

By alphabetical order:

  • androecium
    androcée (French), androceo (Spanish)
    Male part of a flower, consisting of the stamens.
  • androygnous or hermaphrodite (flowers)
    androgyne or hermaphrodite (French), andrógino or hermafrodita (Spanish)
    Flowers containing both male (stamens) and female (carpels) structures. Also called perfect flowers.
  • anther
    anhthère (French), antera (Spanish)
    Part of a stamen that contains the pollen.
  • calyx
    calice (French), cáliz (Spanish)
    Sepals of a flower, typically forming a whorl that encloses the petals and forms a protective layer around a flower in bud.
  • capitula
    capitule (French), capítulo (Spanish)
    Dense flat cluster of small flowers or florets, as in plants of the daisy and sunflower family (Asteraceae).
  • carpel
    carpelle (French), carpelo (Spanish)
    Female reproductive organ of a flower, consisting of an ovary, a stigma, and usually a style. May occur singly or as one of a group. Also referred as pistil.
  • corolla
    corolle (French), corola (Spanish)
    Petals of a flower, typically forming a whorl within the sepals and enclosing the reproductive organs.
  • filament
    filament (French), filamento (Spanish)
    Slender part of a stamen that supports the anther.
  • gynoecium
    gynécée (French), gineceo (Spanish)
    Female part of a flower, consisting of one or more carpels.
  • heterogamy
    hétérogamie (French), heterogamia (Spanish)
    State in which the flowers of a plant are of two or more types.
  • homogamy
    homogamie (French), homogamia (Spanish)
    State in which the flowers of a plant are all of one type (either hermaphrodite or of the same sex).
  • inflorescence
    inflorescence (French), inflorescencia (Spanish)
    Group or cluster of flowers arranged on a stem that is composed of a main branch or a complicated arrangement of branches. Can also be defined as the reproductive portion of a plant that bears a cluster of flowers in a specific pattern.
  • ovary
    ovaire (French), ovario (Spanish)
    Hollow base of the carpel of a flower, containing one or more ovules.
  • ovule
    ovule (French), óvulo (Spanish)
    Part of the ovary of seed plants that contains the female germ cell and after fertilization becomes the seed.
  • perianth
    périanthe (French), perianto (Spanish)
    Outer part of a flower, consisting of the calyx (sepals) and corolla (petals).
  • petals
    pétale (French), pétalo (Spanish)
    Each of the segments of the corolla of a flower, which are modified leaves and are typically colored.
  • pistil
    pistil (French), pistilo (Spanish)
    See carpel.
  • protandrous
    protandre (French), protándrica (Spanish)
    That relates to a hermaphrodite flower whose male sex organs mature before the female ones. The opposite of protogynous.
  • protogynous
    protogyne (French), protógina (Spanish)
    That relates to a hermaphrodite flower whose female sex organs mature before the male ones. The opposite of protandrous.
  • raceme
    capitule (French), racème (Spanish)
    A flower cluster with the separate flowers attached by short equal stalks at equal distances along a central stem.
  • sepals
    sépale (French), sépalo (Spanish)
    Each of the parts of the calyx of a flower, enclosing the petals and typically green and leaflike.
  • stamen
    étamine (French), estambre (Spanish)
    Male fertilizing organ of a flower, typically consisting of a pollen-containing anther and a filament.
  • stigma
    stigmate (French), estigma (Spanish)
    Part of a pistil that receives the pollen during pollination.
  • style
    style (French), estilo (Spanish)
    Narrow, typically elongated extension of the ovary, bearing the stigma.
  • tepals
    tépale (French), tépalo (Spanish)
    Segment of the outer whorl in a flower that has no differentiation between petals and sepals.
  • whorl
    verticille (French), verticilo (Spanish)
    Each of the sets of organs, especially the petals and sepals, arranged concentrically around the receptacle.